Facts and Figures

 

FIGURES:

  • Over 60% children in research were abused or were abusers over the last year 1
  • Nearly 1,6 mln. people die from self directed, interpersonal or collective violence 2
  • Every 47 sec. in US a child is being neglected or abused 3
  • Up to ⅓ of children suffer from emotional violence 4
  • 84% of children who severely injured or killed other people had violence in their families 5

FACTS:

  • Lack of physical contact, verbal stimulation, and responsiveness from parents can also affect the rate of intellectual, emotional, and social growth in children 6
  • Cultures which exhibited minimal physical affection toward their young children had significantly higher rates of adult violence, and vice versa 7
  • Adolescents who had been abused or neglected during their childhood were 42% more likely to have a criminal record as an adult 8
  • Physical agression ocurrenned more often more often in children who had been physically abused 9, 10
  • More often children experience several types of violence at one time 11
  • Emotional abuse is an assault on the child’s psyche, just as physical abuse is an assault on the child’s body 12
  • Among European countries, USA and Canada, number of bullying victims varies from 5% (Sweden) to  20% (Lithuania) 13
1. Finkelhor D. et al, Children's Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey. Juvenile Justice Bulletin, 2009. Available at: www.ojp.usdoj.gov. Accessed June 30, 2012.
2. World report on violence and health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Available at: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2002/9241545615_chap1_eng.pdf Accessed June 30, 2012.
3. The State Of America's Children® Handbook. Children's Defense Fund. 2012.
4. Doyle C. Emotional abuse of children: issues for intervention. Child Abuse Review. 1997; 6(5): 330-342.
5. Seifert K. How children become violent: Keeping your kids out of gangs, terrorist organization and cults. Boston, MA: Acanthus, 2006.
6. Field T, Violence and touch deprivation in adolescents. Adolescence, Vol. 37, No. 148, 2002.
7. Prescot JW. Affectional bonding for the prevention of violent behaviours: Neurobiological, psychological and religious/spiritual determinants. In L.J. Herzber, G.F. Ostrum, & J. Roberts Field (Eds.), Violent behaviour – Assessment and intervention (Vol. 1). Great Neck, NY: PMA Publishing Co. 1990.
8. Widom CS. Does violence beget violence? A critical examination of the literature. Psychology Bulletin. 1989, 106, 3-28.
9. Scarpa A. Aggression in physically abused children: The interactive role of emotion regulation. In A. Raine, D. Farrington, P. Brennan et al. (Eds.) Biosocial bases of violence. Plenum Publishing. 1998.
10. Scerbo AS, Kolko DJ. Child physical abuse and aggression: Preliminary findings on the role of internalizing problems. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1995; 34, 1060-1066.
11. Seifert K, Perillo J, editor. Youth Violence. Theory, Prevention, and Intervention. Springer Publishing Company; 2012.
12. Besharov, DJ. Recognizing child abuse: A guide for the concerned. New York: The Free Press. 1990.
13. Nansel TR, Craig W, Overpeck MD, et al. Cross-national consistency in the relationship between bullying behaviours and psychosocial adjustment. Archives Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine; 2004, 158, 730-736.